PUNCTUATION MASTERCLASS – Learn Punctuation Easily in 30 Minutes – Comma, Semicolon, Period, Etc.

Hello, and welcome back. In this lesson, I’m going to teach you the
rules for using the seven most important punctuation marks, so that you can write correct English
without making mistakes. There are exercises within the lesson to help
you practice, and as always there is a final quiz at the end of the video. So, if you’re ready, let’s begin. We’re going to start with terminal punctuation. ‘Terminal’ means the end, so terminal
punctuation marks are what we use to end a sentence. There are three of these: the period or the
full stop, the exclamation mark, and the question mark. Let’s look at the period first. This mark is called the period in American
English (AmE means American English), and it’s called the full stop in British English. It is used to mark the end of declarative
and imperative sentences. I’ll explain. Here are some examples: “I teach English.” “We had pizza for dinner last night.” “If it rains tomorrow, I’ll bring my umbrella.” These sentences are called declarative sentences
because they declare something; they give us some information. And at the end of each sentence, you see a
period or full stop. Imperative sentences are commands or requests:
“Please don’t feed the animals.” You might see this on a sign in a zoo. “Let me know what time your flight arrives.” “If it rains tomorrow, bring your umbrella.” Let’s now turn to the exclamation mark. It is used to convey strong emotion or feeling. Have a look at these two sentences: Both of
them mean the same thing. The first sentence, which ends in a period,
has no special feeling or emotion; it’s like saying “I’m really excited about
my new job.” Doesn’t sound like I’m very excited, does
it? That’s why we use the exclamation mark:
“I’m really excited about my new job!” – it tells our reader to read the sentence
with emotion – in this sentence, the emotion is excitement. This next sentence: “If you come to work
late tomorrow, you’re fired!” Imagine a manger saying this to an employee. So, this expresses anger. In the same way, you can show many other feelings
including surprise, joy, fear etc. using the exclamation mark. Now, both of these sentences are declarative,
but you can also use the exclamation mark in an imperative sentence like this one: “Johnny,
don’t play with your food!” You can imagine a mother saying that angrily
to her son. So, it’s a strong or strict command. Another place where we use the exclamation
mark is after interjections. Here are a couple of sentences: “Ouch! You just stepped on my foot!” “Wow! What a beautiful house!” Interjections are words like “ouch” and
“wow” which are used to express feelings. So, remember: if you want to convey strong
emotion in a sentence, put an exclamation mark at the end of it. If there’s no special feeling, just end
the sentence with a period. OK, let’s turn now to the third terminal
punctuation symbol: the question mark. It is used to mark the end of a question. So, it’s very straightforward: if a sentence
is a question, then put a question mark at the end of it. Here are some examples: “What do you do?” “Are we allowed to feed the animals?” “If it rains tomorrow, should I bring my
umbrella?” “Are you excited about your new job?” “Who lives in that house?” So, the rule is: if a sentence is a question,
it must end with a question mark. Alright, let’s do a small exercise now. There are four sentences on the screen. I want you to add periods or full stops, exclamation
marks and question marks where necessary. Stop the video, think about your answers,
then play the video and check. OK, here are the answers. If you want, stop the video again, check your
answers, then play the video and continue. Before we move on to the next topic, a quick
note on spacing. Notice that there is no space between the
last letter of a sentence and the terminal punctuation mark. If you put a space there, it’s wrong. But, when you begin a new sentence, you should
leave a space after the terminal mark, and you should start the new sentence with a capital
letter. Capital letters are called uppercase letters
and small letters are called lowercase letters. OK, now let’s move on to the next topic
– pauses. There are, again, three marks that fall under
this category: the comma, the semicolon, and the colon. These are called pauses because they are used
to tell the reader to stop briefly (for a moment), and then continue reading. Let’s start with the comma. Yes, it’s pronounced /ˈkɑː.mə/, not
/ˈkə.mə/ or /ˈkoʊ.mə/, /ˈkɑː.mə/. This mark has four main uses. The first is to separate items in a list. For example: “We need to buy milk, eggs,
flour, and sugar for the cake.” There are four items in this list separated
by commas. Notice how when we read the sentence, we naturally
pause after each item in the list – “milk, eggs, flour, and sugar”. The job of the commas is to show these pauses. Now, your English teacher in school may have
taught you that it’s wrong to put that last comma before ‘and’. But there’s no rule about it – it’s
really your choice. You can include that comma, or you can leave
it out if you wish. I like to always put it there to avoid confusion. Now, if you only have two items, don’t use
a comma: “We need to buy eggs and flour for the cake.” But if you have more than two, put a comma
after every list item except the last. Also, notice that there is no space before
the commas but there is a space after each one. This is the correct formatting. Please remember that. Here are two more examples: “The car is
spacious, stylish, and affordable.” “Why don’t you go upstairs, take a shower,
and get ready to leave?” In this last sentence, the list items are
not just single words; they’re verb phrases. So, this is the first use. The second use of the comma is to separate
words that are not part of the sentence. Take this example: “Unfortunately, he missed
his flight.” Here, the main sentence is “He missed his
flight.” The word “unfortunately” is an extra – it
just expresses my opinion about the sentence. This type of word is called a sentence adverb. Words like “frankly”, “hopefully”,
“sadly” etc. are some more examples. One more sentence: “Frankly, I don’t care
whether she agrees with my decision or not.” Here, “frankly” is the opinion word – the
sentence adverb. In both of these examples, the comma helps
to set the sentence adverb apart from the main sentence. Another form of extra information is forms
of address, like names: “Emma, can you come here and help me with this?” Emma is a name. The words sir or madam are also forms of address:
“Sir, please have a seat.” “Ma’am, can I get you something to drink?” Notice the commas after the name and after
“sir” and “ma’am.” This brings me to an important point about
formal letters and emails. In the salutation, that is, in the greeting,
we use “Dear”; we say “Dear sir”, “Dear madam”, or “Dear sir or madam”
or the name of a person like “Dear Sita”. Should you put a comma at the end? Well, the answer is different for American
and British English. In British English, you should always put
a comma at the end. In American English, a colon should be used
instead. In the closing, the most common formal expressions
are “Yours faithfully”, “Yours sincerely” and “Yours truly” (which is a little less
formal), but after all of these, you must always put a comma. This is true for both American and British
English. The third use of the comma is to separate
linking words like however, therefore, for example, in fact, of course etc. These words connect one sentence to another
sentence. Here are some examples: “Her parents wanted
her to be a doctor. However, she had other plans.” “This is a great book. In fact, it is one of the best I have ever
read.” In these sentences, the linking words “however”
and “in fact” are at the beginning of the sentence, and there is a comma after them. But they can also occur in the middle of the
sentence like this, and the meaning is the same. Now, you see that we use two commas to clearly
separate the linking words from the rest of the sentence. Sometimes, the linking words can also occur
at the end. In that case, one comma is enough because
the sentence then ends with the period. The fourth and final use of the comma is with
clauses. What is a clause? A clause is just like a sentence. Here are two examples: “We went to the beach
last weekend.” “When Rahul gets home from work” Notice
that the first one is a full, complete sentence. So, this is called an independent clause. But the second one is not complete. If I say, “When Rahul gets home from work,”
you will ask, “OK, what does he do?” So, this is called a dependent clause. We need to finish the sentence by adding an
independent clause, so “When Rahul gets home from work, he watches TV for an hour.” That first clause “When Rahul gets home
from work” is called dependent because it depends on the independent clause (“he watches
TV for an hour”) to be a complete sentence. The dependent clause is sometimes also called
a subordinate clause, but it means the same thing. Remember: an independent clause is a complete
sentence, and a dependent or subordinate clause is not complete; it needs to be connected
to an independent clause to be a full sentence. So, now that you know the basics of clauses,
let’s talk about the correct use of commas with them. There are six sentences on the screen. Each sentence has two clauses but there are
no commas. I want you to just try the exercise – put
commas where you think they are needed. Stop the video, think about your answers,
then play the video again and check. Alright, let’s discuss the answers. In the first sentence, there are two independent
clauses – “They offered him a promotion” is the first one. “He accepted it immediately” is the second
one. These clauses are independent because each
one can be a complete sentence. Whenever you connect two independent clauses
in the same sentence, you must put a comma after the first one. But that’s not enough. You must use a word like ‘and’, ‘but’,
‘or’, or ‘so’ to connect the clauses – these words are called coordinating conjunctions
(coordinating just means connecting). In this sentence, I’ve used ‘and’. Now if you don’t use a conjunction, it’s
wrong. It’s actually a common error and it’s
called a comma splice – that’s when you use just a comma to connect two independent
clauses. So, the rule is when you want to connect two
independent clauses using a comma, write the first clause, put a comma after it and put
the correct coordinating conjunction, then write the second clause. Here are some more examples: “I waited for
the doctor for over two hours, but she never came.” “We can go out for dinner, or we can just
order in some Chinese.” “They’ve never been to Vietnam, so they’re
going there on vacation this year.” In all of these, we have two independent clauses
connected by a comma and then a conjunction. Exercise sentences number two and three deal
with connecting a dependent clause to an independent clause. In number two, we have a dependent clause
first – “If you study more,” – this clause is dependent because it is not complete. The second clause – “your grades might
improve” is independent. So, here’s the rule: if the dependent or
subordinate clause comes first, put a comma after it. In number three, the first clause is independent
– “I was so happy” and the second clause is dependent – “when I heard the news.” So, now, the order is reversed. If the subordinate or dependent clause comes
second, then you don’t use a comma. So, this sentence is correct as it is – no
comma should be used here. Let’s move on to the next three sentences. In these, we have a special type of subordinate
clause – the relative clause, also called the adjective clause because it gives information
about a noun. A relative clause is introduced by a relative
pronoun – who, which, whom, that or a relative adverb like when, where or why. In sentence number four, the relative clause
is “who won the Nobel Prize in Physics this year.” It gives information about the noun “scientist”
– that is, it tells who that scientist is. Now, what happens when we remove this clause? “That lady is the scientist.” That lady is what scientist? I don’t understand. So, this relative clause cannot be removed
from the sentence, and it is called an essential relative clause (‘essential’ means it’s
very important). The rule is that we don’t use commas with
essential relative clauses. But, in number five, we have something different. There is a relative clause – “which is
the last day of the year” – it gives information about New Year’s Eve. But this clause can be removed. “People love to celebrate New Year’s Eve.” The meaning is still clear. So, the clause is called non-essential. It’s not so important – it just gives
some extra information. We separate non-essential relative clauses
with a comma. OK, what about number six? Here, we find a relative clause in the middle
of the sentence – “whom you met at the party”. It gives information about Oliver. So, let me ask you: is this essential or non-essential? It’s non-essential because you can remove
it and the sentence still makes sense – “My friend Oliver just got a job at Apple.” So, we separate it from the rest of the sentence,
but we use two commas this time because the relative clause is in the middle. So, these are all the rules for punctuating
clauses correctly. Let’s do another exercise now. This time, it’s for all the uses of the
comma. Stop the video, put commas in the correct
places in these sentences, then play the video again and check. OK, here are the answers. If you want, stop the video again, check your
answers, then play the video and continue. Alright, the next mark in the category of
pauses is the semicolon. This mark is used to combine closely related
sentences. Here’s an example: “I went to see a movie
with my wife. I thought it was amazing. She thought it was terrible.” These two sentences are very closely related
– “I thought it was amazing” (that’s my opinion); “she thought it was terrible”
– that’s her opinion. So, instead of ending a sentence and starting
a new one, we can do two things: we can either use the conjunction “but” – “I thought
it was amazing, but she thought it was terrible.” In that case, we have two independent clauses,
so remember that we need a comma between them. Or we can just use a semicolon – “I thought
it was amazing; she thought it was terrible”. So, we have combined the two clauses into
a single sentence without a conjunction. But, there are some types of linking words
which we can use with a semicolon. These are called conjunctive adverbs – words
like however, therefore, for example, in fact, of course etc. We discussed them in the section on commas. Do you remember these two sentences: “Her
parents wanted her to be a doctor. However, she had other plans.” “This is a great book. In fact, it is one of the best I have ever
read.” In both, we first have one sentence which
ends with a period. Then, a new sentence begins with the linking
words “however” and “in fact.” But there’s another way to write these sentences. Instead of the period or the full-stop, you
can also use a semicolon. If you do that, the second clause should begin
with a lowercase letter because it’s now part of the same sentence. The meaning is still the same, but the semicolon
makes the clauses look more connected. So, remember that with conjunctive adverbs,
you can either use a period to end the first sentence and start the next one, or you can
use a semicolon to combine the two clauses into one single sentence. As with the other punctuation marks we’ve
discussed so far, we leave no space before the semicolon, but we leave a single space
after it. OK, now we move on to the last punctuation
mark in the category of pauses, and that is the colon. The colon has one purpose: to introduce information
after an independent clause. Here are two lists introduced by colons: “Danny’s
seafood restaurant specializes in four items: prawn, shrimp, crab, and lobster.” “Whenever you drive, you must do the following:
wear your seat belt, obey traffic laws, and keep your eyes on the road.” The information that comes after the colon
can also be a clause rather than list items: “Let me make this very clear: if you fail
another test, I’m taking away all your video games.” “I’d love to move to Japan, but there’s
one big problem: I don’t speak any Japanese!” In all of these examples, I want you to notice
that before the colon, there is an independent clause or a complete sentence. This is very important. But notice what happens when we rewrite the
first sentence like this: “Danny’s seafood restaurant specializes in prawn, shrimp, crab,
and lobster.” Now, we cannot use a colon after ‘in’
because up to that word, “Danny’s seafood restaurant specializes in”, is not a full,
complete sentence – it’s not an independent clause. We can rewrite other sentences as well: you
see these on the screen now. If you want, stop the video and read them. So, remember that we only use a colon after
a complete sentence, also known as an independent clause. There is an exception though, and that is
in titles and headings, where we want to save space. In those places, you will see colons used
after single words or phrases (you will see that in the headings of this lesson as well),
but, in general, use a colon only after an independent clause. When you use a colon, don’t leave a space
before it, but do leave a space after it. Alright, it’s time for another exercise
now. There are five sentences; in each one, I want
you to add commas, semicolons and colons wherever necessary. Stop the video, think about your answers,
then play the video again and check. OK, here are the answers. If you want, stop the video again, check your
answers, then play the video and continue. And, finally, we move on to the last punctuation
mark in our lesson – the apostrophe. This is used for two purposes: the first is
to mark contraction. Contraction is when we combine two words into
a single word as in these examples: “I’m a teacher.” “She’s waiting at the bus stop.” “He’d never take a bribe.” Here, we see “I am” shortened to “I’m”
– that’s the contraction. And then, we have “She’s” which is “She
is” (it can also be ‘she has’ in a different situation) and “He’d” which is “He
would” here (but it can also be “he had”). And there are many other contractions in English. The apostrophe is used to indicate that certain
letters have been omitted or removed to make the contraction. So, always check to make sure that you are
putting the apostrophe in the correct place. For example: “Pedro does not like the idea.” We can shorten “does not” to “doesn’t”
by removing the “o” in not. So, we put the apostrophe in the place of
the “o.” You cannot put it anywhere else. Another important thing with contractions
is that you can only shorten and combine two words at a time, not more than that. Take this sentence: “They are not coming
to the party.” So, “They aren’t coming to the party.” is correct. The contraction is “aren’t” – “are”
plus “not.” “They’re not coming to the party.” is also correct. The contraction is “They’re” – “they”
plus “are.” But you cannot write “They’re’nt coming
to the party.” That’s not possible. In fact, it’s wrong in speech as well. So, remember: you can only contract two words
at a time. This is the first use. The second use of apostrophes is to mark possession. Possession refers to ownership or relationship. For example: “Have you seen Anita’s new
car?” “It is my brother’s birthday today.” “Forbes Magazine publishes a list of the
world’s most powerful people.” In these sentences, we have used apostrophes
with the nouns “Anita”, “my brother and “the world.” But what do we do when a word ends in “s”
already? Like “Thomas”, “boss”, “girls”
or “years” in these sentences? In each sentence, there are two options – which
option is correct? Stop the video, and think about it, then play
the video again and check. OK, notice that in the first two sentences,
the nouns “Thomas” and “boss” are singular. In sentences three and four, the nouns are
plural: “girls” and “years.” In these last two sentences, it’s pretty
easy: don’t use the “s”. With plural nouns that end in “s”, only
put an apostrophe. But in the first two sentences, both options
are correct. This is because some writing guides say that
with a singular noun that ends in “s”, you should write “apostrophe s” to make
the possessive; others say you shouldn’t use the “s” – just an apostrophe. So, there’s no strict rule. It’s up to you to choose which method you
want to follow, but make sure that you pick one method and use the same thing throughout
your writing. Now, another quick note on spacing. With the apostrophe, we don’t leave a space
before or after it. But if it comes at the end of a word, that
is, if it’s the last character in a word, we leave a space and then begin the next word. OK, I want to alert you now to a common error
with the possessive use apostrophes. And it is with the possessive pronouns yours,
hers, ours, theirs and its. For example: “That room is hers.” “Is this book yours?” “He is a friend of ours.” “Our car is more spacious than theirs.” In these words, you must never use an apostrophe. The case of ‘its’ is interesting. Because there are actually two words that
sound the same. “Its” without an apostrophe and “It’s”
with an apostrophe. The word “Its” without an apostrophe is
the possessive pronoun. For example: “The dog wagged its tail.” – meaning the tail of the dog. “The company is planning to expand its operations
in Asia.” – that means the operations of the company. “It’s ” with the apostrophe is a contraction
of either “it is” or “it has”. As in: “It’s time to start the meeting.” That means “It is time to start the meeting.” “It’s been a while since we spoke.” Meaning “It has been a while since we spoke.” So, make sure to remember this difference
between them to avoid mistakes. Alright, that is the end of apostrophes, and
now, if you’re ready, it’s time for the final quiz to test if you can use all of the
seven punctuation marks that we have discussed correctly. There are eight sentences on the screen, and
there are many punctuation mistakes in them. In each one, I want you to identify and correct
the punctuation errors. Stop the video, think about your answers,
then play the video again and check. Alright, here are the answers. How many did you get right? Let me know in the comments below. If you liked this lesson, give it a thumbs-up
by hitting the like button. If you’re new to my channel, click that
subscribe button and the little bell icon next to it to get my latest lessons right
here on YouTube. Happy learning, and I will see you in another
lesson soon.

100 thoughts on “PUNCTUATION MASTERCLASS – Learn Punctuation Easily in 30 Minutes – Comma, Semicolon, Period, Etc.

  1. Hey there, I hope you enjoyed this lesson. Also check out:
    ➜ 1 Simple Trick to Become FLUENT in English: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=O0qT4cK-wtk&list=PLmwr9polMHwsI6vWZkm3W_VE7cWtYVjix
    50 Words You are Pronouncing WRONG: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TdtUjWb0O9w&list=PLmwr9polMHwtOrZVwGuiN8xLup5elPE6f
    Most Common MISTAKES in English & How to Avoid Them: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1Dax90QyXgI&list=PLmwr9polMHwsR35rD9spEhjFUFa7QblF9
    100 English Sentences You Can Use in Conversation: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8dRuy1VLCiQ&list=PLmwr9polMHwsI6vWZkm3W_VE7cWtYVjix
    POWER Writing – Write ANYTHING in English Easily (Essays, Emails, Letters Etc.): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dT_D68RJ5T8&list=PLmwr9polMHwtPulG3q4SrSNIZzlJl2gXf
    ➜ Learn TELEPHONE English – 100 Sentences You Can Use on the Phone: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fkppeSjRj0E&list=PLmwr9polMHwsI6vWZkm3W_VE7cWtYVjix
    ➜ Speak English FLUENTLY like a NATIVE SPEAKER with just 10 words: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8KU2eobDMqs&list=PLmwr9polMHwsI6vWZkm3W_VE7cWtYVjix
    ➜ All GRAMMAR lessons: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLmwr9polMHwsR35rD9spEhjFUFa7QblF9
    ➜ All MODAL VERBS Lessons (Could, Would, Should, May, Might, Must etc.): https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLmwr9polMHwvGTssgSU9KWEm2T4WiWaTj
    ➜ All PARTS OF SPEECH lessons: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLmwr9polMHwsQmAjoAxtFvwk_PaqQeS68
    ➜ All ARTICLES (a, an, the) lessons: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLmwr9polMHwsbkqz6kU5e6MgpvaYrpKfX
    ➜ All PRONUNCIATION lessons: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLmwr9polMHwtOrZVwGuiN8xLup5elPE6f
    ➜ All TENSES lessons: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLmwr9polMHwsRNZW607CtVZhg_SzsbiJw

  2. In the sentence, I am really excited about new job. Why are u using excited? It is a past participle

  3. Good lecture..I greatly thank you for making such effective lessons which is helping me to prepare for Competitve exams .I am now clear with more concepts of grammar by watching your all videos which I failed to get cleared during my school days.
    If possible.can you provide lecture on degress of comparision sir..?

  4. +learnenglishlab Which of these two sentences is correct ?

    ln singular noun, it is okay to add 's to demonstrate possession;however, in plural noun it isn't.

    ln singular noun, it is okay to add 's to demonstrate possession;however, in plural noun, it isn't.

  5. What a nice and crisp explanation! Wow! learned loads in less than an hr. Please keep making such vids.

  6. Thank you so much for making this video sir !
    I have learnt so much from your videos, nd still is in process of learning; these are really helpful for me.

  7. Dear Sir,
    Great video; however, you failed to include the quotation marks and the use of colon in biblical scriptures verses like for instance: Gen 1:1.

  8. Sir, Is 'I' written capital wherever it is in the sentence? Please answer this. Also, I got abit confused at the last exercise which states: I can't believe that Amit, who has always claimed to hate authority, is… Why is comma used after Amit and after the authority? In between two dependent clauses. Please reply!

  9. Can you guide me when to use a comma before if. I have read certain sentences in a book, in which there is a comma before if. The sentence is(you ought to see a doctor,if you are ill.) This sentence is re written as(if you are ill,you ought to see a doctor.) Can you tell me which one is correct?

  10. Thank u sir for your videos. These help me to learn English in a good manner. Please keep making videos.

  11. Thanks alot for making such a nice Vdo on this complex topic.After watching it, I can certainly start to use the punctuation correctly.I Just want to ask a question to remove my confusion on Question 1 in the last exercise. Why have we put a comma before I'm afraid? Since i am afraid seems an independent clause to me.Undoubtedly, you are the best teacher i have ever come across on youtube.Lots of love and respect from Pakistan.

  12. Sir thanks a lot for this valuable video but I have a doubt in the exercise portion of commas – how can we put commas in this sentence – "The cheetah, which can reach speeds up to 120 km/hr, is the fastest land animal in the world. " Why is the commas inserted in-between because it wasn't even necessary ?

  13. So I have been writing letters in British English style for 50 years? Those pesky English teachers from the 70s and 80s…..lol

  14. Sir ji. 3rd and 8th were wrong; rest were sublime. Thanks to you and my teacher sir Huge respect for both of you ❤❌❤

  15. App English mast padhate ho sirji…ek ek line samajh main arahe..mast..superb.. fabulous…👌👏

  16. This is the first time I’ve ever used punctuations in a comment. I’ve been trying to write a book, the reason why I needed help with my punctuation. I’ve never understood it but now I guess I should practice this more often. Thank you. 🙂

    Plus if I did any mistakes while typing this please tell me because I just suck at it. 😂

  17. A useful video.
    In other hand, punctuation marks in English are complicated aren't they?
    I need to know subordinating clauses and non essential relative clauses and many more.

  18. this is my first comment at YouTube .well, my writing skills are not strong , because of the punctuation . I always miss them, and confused about the uses of them .this video helps me a lot. thank you so much for your effort .
    i can't believe that i am using punctuation. you are a great teacher !.

  19. Having watched this video, I just realized how much I missed internalizing while studying English grammar back in school. The phrases and sentences that I use normally as a habit have a lot more to them. Language is a science, and grammar needs to be respected. Also, the fact that I lived in the US resulted in my English degrading to a great degree.

  20. Thank you, Thank you, so much. Finally I got it.  Wish you were my Teacher at school.  Well done Professor of English, Well done,

  21. I, a beginner writer, have been struggling on a few punctuations, grammar, and spellings since English is my second language. But thanks to these kinds of videos I'm learning to use them properly! So thank you! 😁😁😁

  22. Thankfully, I made a habit of watching your videos. Because, my confidence level boosted up even without my knowledge. Thank you very much from my bottom of heart.

  23. I did like to move to japan but there is one problem: i do not know how to speak Japanese
    Why isn't there comma before but
    Is it because we chose to put colon?

  24. God blessing to you and your family. I will be starting, Owensboro Community & Technical College in January. Out of 25, I got 10 right. If you have any tips for me to remember, would be appreciated. Most of my placement was right,but my punctuation's were wrong. Thanks for your help.

  25. Sir, is the use of this comma correct?
    "He focuses specifically on the weather, bringing the rain to life."
    I see my teacher use commas like this, but I don't know if it's right or not.

  26. Great lesson! thank u for the effort, but i have a serious problem with ponctuation, it makes me avoid writing anything, because i'm too afraid to make a mistake. How ambarracing! I always have to check ponctuations two to three time over just to be safe, but i'm i'm never sure! 😣😥😟

  27. Sir, i have a question that is about comma. Sir i watched your compound and complex sentence video and you mentioned that comma must be written, but other teachers says that comma is not necessary. Now what should i will do. I totally confused pls give me Better solution

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