Ground Fighting 8 Basic Positions & Key Principles | Effective Martial Arts
Hi, I’m Patrick Fulop, this is Effective Martial Arts. In this lesson, 8 basic positions, and key principles of ground fighting. Alright, so 8 basic positions and key principles for practicing ground fighting with a partner. Now before we get into that, quick message, thank you to all of our viewers and subscribers, you guys are awesome, we’re really happy to be able to help you learn and perfect your
martial arts skills as part of your self-development program, to reach your full potential. Stay
tuned, cause we got stuff planned for you. Now before we get into the actual positions,
couple of key principles of ground fighting. So, these will help you understand the different
positions and will help you execute them better. Principle #1: relax and breathe.
You will have a tendency to tense up, and to forget to breathe when you’re practicing
these new techniques, so remember, relax and breathe. So from the top you’ll be able to
establish a better position when you’re relaxed, and from the bottom, you’ll be able to execute
your escapes better when you’re relaxed and you’ll be able to be more explosive. So principle
#1: relax and breathe. Principle #2 is strive to be on top.
You always have more options from the dominant top position on the ground, you can strike,
or you can submit more easily so you always want to be on top. So to be able to do that,
when you’re on the bottom, keep in mind that you want to create as much distance as you
can, so you want to keep your limbs in between you and your opponent. And from the top, you
want to “pass” the limbs if you will, to be able to pin the opponent on the ground, and
then do your attacks. So, two basic principles, 1: relax and breathe,
and 2: strive to be on top. With that in mind, let’s get right into it. The 8 basic ground
positions. Ok, so the very fist situation we’re gonna
see on the ground is what we call the Downed Guard/Standing position. This is when one
person is on their back, the other person is standing. From here, my main objective
will be to create distance and get back up to my feet, and a secondary objective could
be to take her down; we’re gonna see that later in the downed guard/standing video.
Her main objective will be to control my legs to either strike, or pass to a more dominant
position. That’s position #1: Downed Guard/Standing. Position #2 is Knee on Belly. So she’s gonna
throw my legs to the side, pass to Knee on Belly position. Her shin is across my belly,
pinning my arms to the ground so I can’t strike and from here she can also strike or do submissions.
So this is Knee on Belly. Next position, #3 is gonna be the Full Mount.
So this is the Full Mount position, very bad position for me, I absolutely need to escape
very quickly because here she can strike, and I can’t even reach her face. Ok, so I
need to escape this position, we’re gonna see that in the Full Mount video. An interesting
variant on the Full Mount is also the Low Mount, here. Very good position for control,
where she can immobilize me, and I can’t do much from here. Ok, so this is the Low Mount,
a variant of the Full Mount. Next one is the Side Control position, so
this is #4: Side Control. Here she can keep my elbows off the ground, one knee in my armpit,
one knee on my hip, here I can’t move at all as well, so I’m gonna need to escape this
position; this is Side Control. An interesting variant on the Side Control is the Scarf Hold
position, inverting her legs, keeping my elbows off the ground, she has more striking opportunities
from here, so I’m also gonna need to escape. So this is the Scarf Hold, variant of the
Side Control. Next one, #5 is the North/South position,
she’s gonna pass, this is when our legs are on opposite directions, she’s gonna be crushing
my face with her ribs, and controlling my hips with her hands. So I cannot move in this
position. This is North/South position. Next one is the Back Control position. This
is when she has my back, her chest is to my back, she has her hooks in, so this is what
we call the hooks, when the feet in the inside of my legs. This is what we call the seat
belt. So she’s establishing a strong control in this position, this is Back Control, #6,
the obvious attack I have to be careful for in this position is the Rear Naked Choke,
we’re gonna see that, and how to escape, in the Back Control video.
Next one is the Turtle Position, right here, called Turtle Position for obvious reasons
here I have to protect, she can also strike me, and she can control my back, so I have
to protect, OK, so this is Turtle Position. An interesting variant on the Turtle Position
is the Back Mount position, so if she can manage to get to my back, and get her hooks
in, she can flatten me out, here, and this is the worst position I can be in on the ground,
because I’m highly vulnerable to strikes, as well as to the Rear Naked Choke again.
OK, so this is the Back Mount position, variant of the Turtle.
And next one we didn’t see is The Guard position, right here. Now there are many types of guard,
we’re gonna keep it simple for the purpose of this video, we’re gonna keep it to just
the 3 basic variants, so Guard, we’ve got Closed Guard, when my feet are locked in the
back I can control her body, I have to be careful here, she can strike me, OK, she can
strike me with more power than I can strike her. And another variant is the Open Guard,
right here, when my feet are unlocked, there’s different opportunities from here. And the
last variant we’re gonna see is the Half Guard position, when I have only one leg in, over
here. OK, so this is the Half Guard. Another interesting concept you have to be
familiar with is what we call the underhook and overhook. So underhook is when my arm
goes underneath her arm, to control here or here, and the overhook is when my arm goes
over, so I control her arm from here, so this is the overhook.
Alright, now let’s do a quick recap. So… Position #1: Downed Guard/Standing.
#2: Knee on Belly. #3 is the Full Mount, with the variant of
Low Mount. #4 is Side Control, with the variant of Scarf
Hold. #5 is North/South position.
#6 is Back Control. #7 is Turtle Position, with the variant of
the Back Mount. and #8 is The Guard, with the variant of Closed
Guard, Open Guard, and Half Guard. And those are your 8 basic ground fighting
positions. Be sure to check out the individual video we have for each one of those positions
to know how to clearly establish the position correctly, as well as how to escape.
Now before we wrap it up, couple quick considerations for practicing with a partner.
Rule #1: hygiene and grooming. So make sure when you’re close up with a partner like this,
make sure you’re smelling good, the clothes are clean, little bit of fragrance, and deodorant,
and mouthwash. Very important to have consideration for your partner.
Also, for safety, make sure toenails, and fingernails are cut short, and if you have
long hair, tie it up. Ok, so considerations for your partner.
Also, when you’re practicing with a partner, make sure you control your weight, you don’t
want to go ahead and crush the partner with your entire body weight all the time, so make
sure you can control your weight, we’re gonna show you how to do that in future videos.
Same thing, when you’re gonna learn submissions, go smoothly, OK don’t just yank out the submission,
go smoothly, and then when you want to tell the person to stop, you just simply “tap out”.
So when the person taps, you stop. So this is when you’re practicing with a partner.
Also, when you’re practicing ground fighting techniques, keep in mind the real life applications
of what you’re doing. So, if you were to apply these techniques in real life, on the ground,
there’s two possibilities, you can either strike, as an attack, or you can submit, which
is either with a joint lock, or a choke. So keep in mind the hierarchy of attacks that
you can do on the ground, and the level of damage they can inflict on an opponent. So
joint locks is pretty much the worst thing you can do to someone, because you can permanently
injure someone with a joint lock. You can break off their arm, shoulder, you can mess
up the tendons in their knee, OK, so you can create a lot of permanent damage, so use it
wisely if you were to use it in a self-defense situation.
The next level of attacks, which is a little bit less severe is strikes, so often times
you’re gonna create semi-permanent damage, OK, or short term damage with strikes. It
could also incapacitate a person if you really push it too far. But the best level for self-defense
applications will be to use blood chokes, because then the person will just pass out
and then you can be able to get out of there safely, without inflicting permanent damage
on the person. So keep that in mind as well. Also, keep in mind in a real life self-defense
situation, you always have to be careful of your surroundings. So you will go for the
most time effective technique, so if it’s a strike, of if it’s a submission, but you
have to be careful for your surroundings, there might be other people that are there
to harm you as well. So keep an eye out for your surroundings. This is true in striking
as well in stand up. So always be careful of your surroundings in self-defense.
And that wraps up our video! As always, be sure to like, comment and subscribe, till
next time, I’m Patrick Fulop, this is Effective Martial Arts, remember, practice well, safety
first, and use these techniques only for self-defense.