Bodhidharma e o Kung Fu – Desconstruindo Mitos


One story widely spread tells that Bodhidharma introduced marcial arts in Shaolin Temple. But things are not like this… I’m Jeronimo Marana, martial arts teacher and in this video we will deconstruct this myth. For us to fully understand this story is important that we go beyond the martial arts vision regarding it and have a wider vision, trying to understand what some historians or Buddhism tells about Bodhidharma. To start with it is good to understand a little about Bodhidharma’s birth and death. Just like Shakyamuni Buddha, he was son of a king, he was a prince somewhere in India, and sometime in his life he decided to give up from this life to become a monk. He belonged to the warrior caste, called Kshatriya, I don’t know how to pronounce it, but at least I know how to write, if you access my article, which link is above, you will see how to write and you can even research about it. And how does he died? Well, there is a Buddhist temple in Sao Paulo state, in Cotia, where I first read about his death. There is a room in there with history of some important masters for Buddhism, and there some of Boddhidharma’s history is written, and it tells that he died poisoned after 8 attempts. And he died in Shaolin Temple’s region. How did he get there? Well… When Bodhidharma went to China, he didn’t went directly to Shaolin Temple. First, he had a meeting with the emperor Wu, and after this meeting he traveled to the mountains near of Shaolin Temple, where he spent the last 9 years of his life. But being in Shaolin actually means… It doesn’t mean to be inside the Temple. Why? Because Shaolin Temple was the reference, so when it was said that someone went to Shaolin Temple, it doesn’t mean that one went to the temple, necessarily, but that one went to Shaolin Temple region, the region nearby. And was Bodhidharma’s case. It is told that he wasn’t accepted in the temple, they didn’t let him get in, so he settled in a cave nearby. If he really tried to enter the temple or not, I can’t claim that is true or not, but the fact is that he spent this 9 years in this cave. But the way this is told causes a lot of confusion. It is common to hear that he spent 9 years meditating in a cave and it leads many people to understand that he spent 9 years sitting without doing anything else but staring at the wall, what gaves birth to the legend that his eyes were engraved in the cave’s wall. Of course he spent most of the time inside the cave meditating, but not doing only this in his life, of course. And one more thing that many people don’t know is that Bodhidharma had only 4 disciples, 3 men and 1 woman, their names you can find in my article. And Bodhidharma had this few disciples first because he wasn’t accepted in the temple and second, because there were few people who really wanted to learn what he had to teach. That’s why his meeting with the emperor ended because of this, because the emperor wanted to be praised for the things he did for Buddhism and Bodhidharm realized what the emperor wanted wasn’t the true teaching, so the meeting didn’t work. But, anyway, let’s continue. It is told that Bodhidharma’s first disciple, Huike, stood in front of the cave in the snow for several days begging for being accepted as a disciple, but Bodhidharma ignored him, he didn’t accepet until he cut off his own left hand as a proof of sincerity to Bodhidharma, for showing that he really wanted to learn. Then, I guess Bodhidharma stared at him and spoke “well, i guess this guy really want to learn, is better to accept him as a student, otherwise he will kill himself”, isn’t? So you see that it wasn’t easy to be accpeted as a Bidhidharma’s disciple, correct? I guss, that guy needed to cut his own hand off and I think that there weren’t many people who wanted to buy that ticket. So, did Bodhidharma actually introduced martial arts in Shaolin Temple? Well, a lot is said about XISUI JING, the method of washing the marrow or something like this, which are exercises he supposedly taught to the monks and latter became martial arts. But where does it come from? Onde, Bodhidharma gathered his disciples to check their comprehension regarding his teachings. So, after the first disciple’ answear he told him: “you reached my skin”, that means he realized the most external, superficial part of the teaching. For his second disciple, I’m not shure wheter was a mean or the woman, he answeared: “you reached my flesh”, meaning that the person understood a little deeper, understood better. For the third, he said: “you reached my bones”, which means that he or she went deep, let’s say that he/she was almost there. Realized almost everything. And for the last, if I’m not mistaken was Huike, he said: “you reached my marrow”. The marrow is the center, the nucleus, the word marrow itself means center, nucleus, so in this case, marrow means the core, so the meaning of this speech is that this disciple realized the essence of Bodhidharma’s teaching, that is, he understood fully. And then show up a book entitled… Something like tha Classic of Marrow Washing, that they atributted to Bodhidharma because they interpreted this meeting with the disciples differently, they understood literally and began to spread the story that this book was left from Bodhidharma to Huike and it desapeard for more than 1 thousand years, and suddenly show up, misteriously. So, because of this fact, they attribute the XISUI JING’s creation to Bodhidharma. And when did martial arts began in Shaolin Temple? The records tells that martial arts began around the 12th century and they started with the cudgel. The first time Shaolin Temple techniques were documented, were recorded, was in 17th century by a guy who wrote manuals as the Dandao Fa Xuan – which I have already told here on youtube and in the blog – which was, by the way, a cudgel manual. Only from 16th century that… Only from 17th century, actually, if I’m not mistaken, that barehand techniques began to be practiced in SHaolin Temple. So, putting together this and the fact that Bodhidhara didn’t joined into the temple and died poisoned, because of envey, besides that he had only 4 disciples, it is clear that the statement that Bodhidharma introduced martial arts in Shaolin Temple is nothing but a myth. So that’s all. I hope you have enjoyed this video, thumb up if you like it, leave me your comments, if you didn’t, also leave me a comment, click dislike, tell me what you think, whther you agree or disagree, share it with your friends… If you want to help adding subtitles to this video you can do it through the links in the description, subscribe to my channel, turn on notification and I’ll wait for you in my next video. Subtitles by the Amara.org community

13 thoughts on “Bodhidharma e o Kung Fu – Desconstruindo Mitos

  1. Interessantes informações, me fez ficar em dúvida sobre essa origem do Kung Fu ao Bodhidhamarmas.. mas em minha percepção ainda são insuficientes para afirmar com Mito…. abraços querido, massa o canal!

  2. Like

    Eu pensei em fazer um vídeo sobre o assunto para postar nesta plataforma, mas eu encontrei esse vídeo e fiquei satisfeito.
    Eu já li e ouvi muitas coisas que não são exatamente da forma que tentam transmitir.

    Ganhou mais um inscrito professor Jerônimo Marana.

    O professor leu sobre a morte de Bodhidharma no Templo Zu Lai ^_^.

  3. Existem registros históricos do kung fu que remontam há cerca de 2674 A.C. Esse Kung Fu primordial ainda é preservado nos templos Taoistas, como Wudam, por exemplo. Na verdade o Bodhisattwa Bodhidharma mesclou elementos das artes marciais védicas com o Kung Fu já praticado no templo Shaolim. Claro que somos cegos tentando enxergar com uma vela milhares de anos de história, no entanto, não podemos afirmar que Bodhidharma tenha sido o Pai do Kung Fu, antes um recodificador de inestimável valor. Ótimo vídeo, como sempre.

  4. Olá Jerônimo Marana, aquelas histórias do Templo Shaolin com treinamento pesado e exaustivo é realmente verdade ou é tudo montagem ?

  5. Vim por indicação do Shodai Filipe Avelar do canal Tenchuu Sistema Tático de Combate. Adorei seu canal. Força e Honra!

  6. Olá! Bom creio que acrobacias e firulas temos na capoeira também isto não quer dizer que o estilo é melhor que o outro pois tem o kung fu mais técnico em. Defesa pessoal e golpes de pernas maos armas etc… O que existe é muita fantasia muito capitalismo hoje em dia e auto promoção. Todos estilos tem. Seu valor mas existe muita confusão muita mistura ficou o mito shaolin mas temos wudang tão antigo como shaolin onde se originol o tai chi Cheng acho que shaolin hoje se perdeu com apresentações pelo mundo wushu moderno muita acrobacia coisa de atleta e alguns treinam força chi kung para quebramentos ou para mostrar que não sentem dor entortar objetos etc… Más tem que ir a fundo existe pessoas que contestam coisa como o chi kung que mostram em vídeos já mostraram até falsidade em entortar ferros espadas etc.. Tem que pesquisar antes de ter certeza que aquele treino honesto é técnico que vc tem perto de sua casa e pior ou falso diante de tanta firulas roupas coloridas rapidez alongamentos e tantos outros. Veja o Wingchun não tem nada disso e é muito eficiente e muito procurado nos dias de hoje bom foi uma opinião agora tem que estudar pra quem quer se aprofundar no assunto agora quanto a bodhidsrma a muitas histórias ou estórias e também lendas. Kung fu e muito profundo não é só o que vemos ou ouvimos tem que ir mais a fundo saudações

  7. Oi querido.. Não tenho muito acesso as escrituras do Grande Bodhidarma. Aliás, como li em um comentário abaixo., ele não era um Bodissatva, Mas sim, um Buda. Ele atingiu a iluminação na Índia com o Grande Mestre Taraparjna. Ele difundiu o Dharma por muitos anos na Índia. o Mestre dele disse para ele partir para a China após 65 anos após a sua partida. O Grande Bodhidarma ao chegar num templo Shao Lin, percebeu que os monges estavam sem vitalidade e fracos, então Ele ensinou o kung fú para revigorar o corpo físico. A sua "meditação" foi só para guardar o seu corpo físico. Ele procurava o seu sucessor, e então saiu o seu Espírito para saber quem teria capacidade para receber o Dharma maravilhoso.
    Difícil acreditar que um Homem Santo (Buda), morreria envenenado. Ele após encontrar Hui Kan, partiu da China e na verdade ninguém sabe pra onde o Grande Mestre foi. Mas com certeza nenhum Homem Santo morreu envenenado… Quando ele foi visto, estava apenas com uma sandália no cajado, e todos achavam que ele estava morto. Esta notícia chegou até o imperador Wu Liang e o mesmo mandou abrir o caixão do Mestre, mas só foi encontrada uma sandália..

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