Basic Taekwondo Skills for White Belts with Sang H. Kim

Charyot is attention stance. Put both heels together, drop your arms naturally at your side and look straight
ahead. Kyung Rye is bow. When you bow bend the upper body 45-degrees. Joonbee is
ready stance. Put both of your feet shoulder-width apart. Joochoomsoogi is
horse riding stance. Bend both knees and drop your hip. Baro is back to ready
stance. Shui is relax or at ease stance. Kyorugi Jase is a fighting stance.
Put your feet one step distant apart and put hands up to cover your upper body. Ap
Kubi is a front stance. This stance is good for practicing basic blocking and
punching techniques. When you punch from fighting stance use your other hand to
cover your face and upper body. Turn your body into the punch for maximum power.
After punching return quickly to fighting stance. Practice slowly to
develop good form of the technique then practice quickly to develop speed and
power. In knife hand striking begin from behind
your ear rotate your hand into the strike and use your whole body for more
power. Palm striking begins from your chest hitting the target with the heel
of your hand. Elbow striking uses a circular motion of
the entire body to create a circular force. Hit the target with your forearm. There
are three things to remember to make a successful kick: balance, sense of
naturalness and focused energy control. For knee kicking first secure your front
foot firmly on the ground bending front knee slightly and pick up
your rear knee to the front. Drop your both hands close to your knees simultaneously. Knee kick is called Moorup Chagi. Front kick is a called Ap Chagi. Pick up
your knee as high as the target and gently send up your food out to the
target. Roundhouse kick is a called Dollyo
Chagi. Your kicking leg is turning around the central axle between 45 to 90 degree
pivoting your standing foot about 180 degrees. First pick up your knee like knee
kicking then pivot your standing foot and turn your body, making your foot
perpendicular to the target and then kick in with your other foot without
losing the balance. I personally recommend you to practice
all kicking techniques at the beginning stage holding the stretching bar, wall or
chair or even on the floor to develop the sense of a balance. As you progress
you may increase speed power and the variety of targets. Jitgi is the one
of the most important skills to improve your mobility. By practicing Jitgi you
can learn about the relationship between your bodily position and your partner or
opponent. The first basic footwork is in place switching step called
Jejari Bal Bakwo. The second footwork is one step in
called Naga Jitgi. The third is sliding in step called
Mikoro Jitgi. Then you can make a combination of a
switching stance and one step in.

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