Back Control, Rear Naked Choke & How to Escape | Effective Martial Arts


Hi, I’m Patrick Fulop, this is Effective Martial Arts. In this lesson, the Back Control position,
the Rear Naked Choke, and how to escape. Alright, so back control is a very dominant
position to be in, because it allows you to really limit your opponent’s offensive options,
and at the same time give you the unique opportunity to execute on of the most powerful submissions
there is, which is the Rear Naked Choke. Now the Rear Naked Choke is great because
it allows you to temporarily incapacitate your opponent without inflicting any permanent
damage. So this is ideal for a one-on-one self-defense
or law enforcement situation because if you do it correctly your opponent will simply
pass out and wake up a few moments later with no harm done. Also, as a martial artist, knowing how to
escape the submission and this position is an essential part of your training. So there are four parts to this lesson. First off, how to correctly establish the
back control position. Next, three ways to finish the choke, then
how to defend against the choke, meaning, how to get out of it, and how to prevent it. And lastly, how to escape the back control
position. Later on we’re going to show you how to achieve
the back control position, and how to prevent from having someone take your back, but that
will be for a future lesson. So, if you haven’t already, be sure to subscribe
to our channel to stay tuned. Now, without further ado, let’s get right
into it. Alright, so first things first, let’s look
at the actual back control position: how to hold it. As with any other ground technique you always
want to think about your position before your attacks, whether these be strikes or submissions. So here’s how to establish the back control
position. The second you have someone’s back you need
to have your chest flat against the middle of their back, with your shoulders lined up
with theirs. Next, you also need to get your hooks in,
meaning your feet on the inside of their thighs so the hips can’t get away. And you need to control the upper body with
what we call the seat belt lock, like so, with one hand coming underneath the shoulder
in the under hook position, the other hand coming over the opposite shoulder in an over
hook position, and the bottom arm”s hand coming over the top arm. Next you need to have your head down as well,
and squeeze for a nice, tight hold. The reason is you want to protect that top
arm mostly because that’s the arm your going to use to choke with. Now, before we get into the actual choke itself,
let’s look at a couple of critical mistakes that you can do in this position that can
cost you the position and sometimes even the fight. First mistake that can happen is having your
head up too high in the back. If you do so, the person can simply punch
back and get you right in the face. So you want to tuck your head in exposing
your forehead mostly so that if they punch, they get your forehead which isn’t that bad. Second critical mistake that can happen is
to cross your feet in the front. If you do so, the person can step over their
leg, cross it and submit you in a straight foot lock. Very painful. So keep your feet uncrossed. And last critical mistake would be to go for
two under hooks and forget to get your over hook. In this case there’s nothing preventing me
from getting up on top. I can simply push back, slide out and get
to side control position. Alright, so now we have the position, let’s
look at how to finish the choke. Now the principle behind the rear naked choke
is that you are going to reduce blood flow to the brain by constricting the carotid arteries
on both sides of the neck. Thereby the person will pass out if you do
it correctly. So three ways to finish. The first, the best, and the most effective
way to do it is the fully locked, two armed, rear naked choke. Here’s how to do it. With the over hook arm, you’re going to slide
that arm all the way across the opponents neck, making sure to go underneath the chin
until the elbow is pointing in the same direction as the face. Then, you are going to take the under hook
arm out and grab your own bicep with that arm, make a fist and fold it all the way behind
the person’s neck. Then, lock it in with your head on top to
prevent the arm from getting out. From there, it’s just a slow flex, squeeze,
push the chest forward and shoulders back, to get the tap or the person will take a nap. Next way to do it, not quite as solid, but
can still work, is instead of locking arms completely, simply going for the gable grip. So the arm on top, same position, then the
other arm, simply grabbing the palms together, clasping the fingers, no thumbs. The other arm here is pressing against the
shoulder with the forearm and then same thing, slow squeeze, chest out, pulling back, to
get the tap. And last way to finish, if you only have one
arm available, this won’t necessarily work on a bigger and stronger opponent but I want
to give you guys all the options, especially so that you know how to defend, is to do the
single arm rear naked choke. Start’s off the same way with the over hook
across the neck but since you only have one arm, let’s say because the other one is locked
in the under hook position, you’re going to just grab the back of your opponents shoulder
with your fingers and then from there same thing: squeeze, and pull that shoulder back
to get the tap, like so. Alright now, quick recap. I’ll do it alone so you can see better, three
ways to finish the choke. First, the best, most effective way: double
handed, reach across the neck underneath the chin, wrap your hand around your opposite
bicep, fold the arm behind the person’s neck, make a fist, lock it in with your head, then
flex and squeeze; chest out, shoulder’s back. Second way: a little bit less solid, but can
also work with, instead of grabbing your bicep, grabbing gable grip, palm to palm, close the
fingers together, and then same thing. Flex, squeeze, chest out, shoulder’s back. And third way, if you only have one arm to
do it: single handed rear naked choke, all the way across the neck with one hand, grabbing
the back of the opponents shoulder, flex and squeeze. Three ways to finish the choke. Alright, so now that you know what’s coming
at you, here’s what you do from the inside of back control, to defend against the choke. Now this is a good time to remind you of principle
number one of ground fighting, which is to relax and breath. So don’t panic, remember to breath and just
systematically apply the techniques I’m going to show you to work towards your escape. Now, let’s start with the very worst case
scenario, which is the fully locked, two armed, rear naked choke. Now, in the spirit of full disclosure, if
the person knows what they’re doing and they have this choke locked in, your chances of
escape are not that good. But still, you got to try something. So here’s what you do. First off, when the person is squeezing a
little bit, you’re going to try to get your arms in here, and create a little space to
get your chin inside the arms. This allows for a little bit more blood flow
to the brain. If you can’t do that or right after you have,
you’re going to go straight for the top arm with your two hands. So you’re going to reach to the side over
here to grab the fingers or the hand, and on top over here to grab the wrist. Then you are going to do everything you can
to pull it away and get it free like so. From there you maintain control and you have
an escape opportunity from here, or you can go lock it in the under hook position, and
then you’ll have only one arm to worry about over here. She’s doing the single arm rear naked choke. From here you might be tempted to try and
pull on the arm but it’ll be much more effective to go and reach all the way for the fingers
over here. I’m going to pry the thumb open to get it
free. The only other situation that we didn’t address
is the gable grip option, in this case one arm to defend, loosen the grip, and then again
straight for the fingers, the thumb; pry it open. Now, general rule: it’s always better to prevent
then to react. So here’s what you do before you get the choke
in. General principle, always keep your shoulders
up and your chin down when the person has your back. This limits the surface area on your neck,
making it harder for her to get the choke in. Also, you want to have both arms on the over
hook arm to control that arm, because that’s the arm that’s going to be choking you, and
you want to pin the other arm with your arm over here to keep it locked in. So here you’re relatively safe, at least temporarily. If the seat belt is not locked already, you
want to have, still, chin down, shoulders up, and hands on both sides of the neck because
you know she’s going to be coming in on either side to get the choke. So you can intercept the arms and get them
free. Now, knowing these defensive strategies, here’s
what you do to get the choke in anyways. Three techniques. So first off is the finger slide technique. So even when shoulder’s are up and the chin
is down, you can always get a finger in and the finger slides all the way, and becomes
the arm. And eventually you can get the whole choke
in. The other option as well is to go with the
thumb inside, in front of the chin, and pry it open like that, until you get the arm in. The other option, a little bit nasty, is to
pull the head back to get the choke. So with pressure, either right underneath
the nose, in the eyes, or anywhere in the face really, you’re going to pull the head
back and get the other arm in to get the choke; very hard to resist with the neck muscles. Last option, which is surprisingly effective,
is to rely on the other person’s laziness to get your choke in. We call this the wait and choke. So you’re fighting for the choke, the person
is defending, you’re in a scramble. All of a sudden, kind of stop what you’re
doing and relax. Often times what’s going to happen is the
person’s going to let their shoulders drop, chin go up and that’s when you go in for the
choke; like that. Alright, so now that you’re temporarily safe
from the choke, it’s time to think about how to escape the position. So keep in mind at any time while you’re trying
to escape the position the person could get the choke back in, so at that point you want
to stop thinking about your position and get back to defending the choke, because that’s
the immediate threat. Also, we’re going to show you two techniques
to escape, which are the arm switch and the slide out escape. These techniques can be combined if you have
the opportunity to do so. And finally, keep in mind that at any point
while you are trying to escape the position or defend against the choke, the person might
make the mistake of crossing their feet and at that point you have to have the reflex
of immediately getting the foot lock. Alright so the first and easiest escape of
the back control is what we call the arm switch escape. This happens when the person’s grip is broken,
either you break the seat belt or in a fumble and you gain control of both arms of the over
hook arm. What you’re going to do in this case in a
very quick and unpredictable manner is to get the arm to the other side of your head
and rise it up immediately to lock it in. If I do it at real speed it look’s a little
something like this; like that. And immediately once I’m here, I’m going to
bend my legs, and bridge into her, put pressure and then just turn to rise up into her guard. This is a lot better than being on the inside
of back control. Next escape, we call the slide out escape. In this case, my objective will be to get
my back to the mat. To do this, I need to get rid of the bottom
hook especially. So, I’m going to start by falling to the under
hook side, locking her bottom arm over here, limiting her opportunities to do the double
handed rear naked choke. I can also do this escape from the other side,
but it’s preferable, if you have the choice, to go on the under hook side. From there, to get rid of that bottom hook,
I’m going to walk my hips to the side and turn out towards the ceiling. That might take a couple of tries for me to
get rid of the hook. As a final adjustment what I might need to
do is kick my knee up towards the ceiling and help myself with my hand if I need to,
to get the hook out of there and get my foot back to the mat. From there I’m going to slide off of her leg. I’m sitting on her leg right now, this is
preventing her from mounting me, so as soon as I free the bottom leg, I know she’s going
to try to come up in the mount. So I need to address that; block it here with
my hand, with my leg, or even with my other leg. So I slide out, and then I keep on blocking
here, or block like this with the other leg. And here, best case scenario is I’m going
to be able to go up into side control, but most likely, what’s going to happen is she’s
going to rise up on top of me, and then we’re going to wind up either in the guard or half-guard. For what to do in the guard position, check
out the guard video in the cards above. Now here’s a cool variant on the slide out
escape which is a little bit more advanced, but gives you more offense opportunities. So, instead of adjusting the bottom hook first,
I’m going to start by getting out of the top hook. Here’s how it goes. Same beginning, fall to the under hook side
and then I’m going to try and get rid of that top hook first. So, what I can do for that is I’m going to
kick my leg forward, then either use my elbow or even my hand to get it free and then slide
it right back in, and then lock the gate with my elbow on top of my knee. Then she can’t get her hook back in, and I
need to keep protecting that side so that she can’t get it in. What’s interesting here is that frees up my
top leg to get rid of her bottom hook. So I can hook it underneath the foot here
and then bring it down like this, locking it, get my hips up and slide my knee inside
over here. This gives me a little more travel distance
to get perpendicular to her, like so. All the way here, and then, immediately what
I want to do is keep on blocking over here so she doesn’t rise up, and I’m going to put
all my weight on my shoulder over here crush her, preventing her from getting up. So I put my foot to the mat, bridge up, and
immediately elbow down over here. If I don’t lower my elbow, she’s going to
slide her leg underneath, pull me in and reestablish her back control position. So as soon as I bridge up, elbow down so she
can’t get the leg in, here I’m going to grab her leg, reach across and grab her opposite
leg like so, keeping all the weight on my shoulder so that I’m really pinning her down
to the ground, and from here it’s and easy transition to side control. Alright, so those are the fundamentals of
the back control position and the rear naked choke. How to establish the position: hooks in, feet
uncrossed, seat belt lock, head down, nice and tight. Three ways to finish the choke: double handed,
gable grip, or single handed. How to get out of the choke: peel the top
hand, peel the other hand by the thumb. How to prevent the choke: shoulder’s up, chin
down, two on one on the over hook if you’re in the seat belt, or hands protecting the
neck if it’s open. And how to get out of the position:either
using the arm switch escape, or the slide out escape, either addressing the bottom or
top hook first, ideally to get to side control, worst case to the guard and preventing the
mount at all costs. Alright, so good job on watching this video
till the end. Now, you know what you got to do is watch
it again. So, click like, subscribe to the channel,
add it to your bookmarks, add it to a playlist, save the link somewhere, do what you got to
do to be able to come back to this video regularly, and when you do so, take notes. Same as you did in school, now you’re in martial
arts school and this subject matter is important because it could save your life. So, revue the material regularly, practice
this with a partner, practice it on your own, visualize those techniques, and watch the
video regularly. That will help you integrate the techniques
and eventually be able to apply them in a real life situation. So, leave us a comment below if you have any
questions or anything to say about this video. It will be my pleasure to answer, click like
if you’ve enjoyed and once again, if you haven`t already, subscribe to our channel right now
to stay tuned for some more awesome martial arts video tutorials for techniques in all
ranges of fighting. We hope that you’ve really enjoyed watching
this video as much as we’ve enjoyed making it for you, and till next time, I’m Patrick
Fulop, this is Effective Martial Arts. Remember, practice well, safety first, and
use these techniques only for self-defense.

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