A Beginner’s Guide to the Angles of Boxing


Hi there, I’m Mike Gale’s for Everlast
Nutrition. If you’re new to boxing then you notice coaches telling
their fighters to use angles. That may leave you wondering, what exactly are
they talking about? Boxing has been called the sweet
science. In fact boxes are great at both geometry and trigonometry. To
get your fists a little more educated, let’s go over a beginner’s guide to some
of the angles of boxing. The first angle you should know, is the angle at which
you face your opponent. If you stand square facing your opponent, well then
that exposes a lot of surface area, that is directly in the line of fire of your
opponent’s punches. Right off the bat, the first angle you should consider
is to point your lead shoulder towards the center of your opponent. Now to do that,
most people think that they’re just going to turn themselves sideways. But
that’s not going to do it. Just standing sideways with your feet in a straight
line, like this will leave you with terrible balance. Also you will have very little leverage to throw your own punches. The next angle that you have to know, is
to have your rear leg off to the side so that your feet are diagonally apart, with
good weight distribution. Now that your lead shoulder is pointed towards the
center of your opponent and your feet are angled properly to keep you on
balance stick. if you are a beginner then you might want to keep your hands up. More
important than having your hands up, is that you should angle your shoulders up
high enough to protect your chin. Once you’re angled correctly, you’re going to notice that your lead arm is closer to your opponent. That’s going to make
it easier to land quick jabs. You’ll also notice that your rear hand is further
from your opponent. That gives it enough distance to fully accelerate to land
power punches on a target. You’ll also notice that the rear foot is also angled
so that the heel remains off the canvas. That will help you increase your
mobility. I’m going to leave a link in the description below that would
teach you all about your proper boxing stance. Next, let’s talk about the
angle of the punches. You have the jab and cross which travel in a straight
line towards their target. You also have your shots where the arm
is bent at about 90 degrees. Those punches travel in an arc like motion to
hit their target. You also have uppercuts that come from
underneath at a completely different angle from the other punches. So you have your jabs, crosses, hooks and uppercuts that all come at different angles. Yet
each one of those individual punches themselves can be torn in a different
angle. Both in the vertical and the horizontal plane. I know you may be
thinking to yourself that a punch is just a punch. Why does the angle
at which is thrown even matter? Let me give you a simple example. I’m about 6′ tall a my opponent here is 5’9. I’m a little taller than him and I’m going to aim my punches over the top of his lead arm. The shortest distance between two points is always a straight line. I have the advantage of height and I have the angle to deliver those punches safely.
Angling my punches over top is a safer option than bending at the knees
and trying to go underneath his lead arm. That puts my face directly in range
of his punches. Conversely, here my opponent is just about 6’4 and I
can’t reach to angle my punches over top of his lead arm. So I’m gonna angle
my jab under his jab, so that I can easily reach
his face. Now if I was trying to land a follow up overhand right or right hook
on him, I could try reaching for the shot. Or even step in to close the distance.
That might smother my shot. I won’t have very good leverage. Instead I will use angles. I step towards the side to switch the angle of the shot. That way I can easily hit into the head I use the same principle to land a follow up body shot after the jab. Instead of reaching or stepping in close which
could smother my shot, I’m just going to step over to the side and switch the
angle.That will once again give me much better leverage. I could throw a jab and
step in straight with the right hook. Or I could throw a jab and step over to
change the angle for the right hook. It may not seem like a significant
difference but the angle at which I throw the punches can have a huge
impact on whether they’re going to land or not. Here’s another example of trying
to land a lead hook against the taller opponent. Most people try to angle the punch
around the guard of his rear hand. His greater height, makes that a little
difficult to reach. Here I alter the angle of the hook so that it goes
between his guard. I throw the hook at that particular angle because it makes landing a shot to his face about six inches closer. Thus much easier to
hit. Finally, if I throw punches at a certain angle, like angling my jab
downwards towards his body, well I leave my chin vulnerable to counter shots.
That angle leaves my face open. A better option would be switch levels and throw
the jab at a straighter angle. My shoulder is still protecting my chin.
Another angle to consider is the angle of your opponent. If you’re fighting an orthodox fighter, who leads with his left hand, i being an orthodox fighter myself
will circle to my right. That way I can take the direct angle away from his rear
hand, which is his power hand. By staying on an angle just outside of his lead
hand, I can stay relatively safe. To the best of my ability, I most often keep
my lead leg angled outside of his lead leg. If my opponent is angled in a
South Paw stance, meaning that he leads with his right
hand, instead of his left, I will more often than not circle to the opposite
direction. I circle to my left to stay away from his power hand. In this
case is his left hand, that he keeps to the rear. Once again, I will keep
my lead foot angled outside of his lead foot. I will circle to my left.
This may not seem important in the beginning. But if I stay in an angle
where his punches have the most leverage (which is the Red box in this clip) then it
can really hurt me. It’s in my best interest to adjust my angle of attack to
where I can hit him with full leverage but to where his punches will have as
little effect as possible. Another point is that, in close quarters
I can alter the angle of my attack, so that my punches are much more effective
at getting through his defensive shell. Next we’re going to quickly take a look
at some defensive angles. I’m not normally quick enough to box like this
but for the moment I’m going to keep my lead hand down. That way you can see that my lead leg and shoulder are angled towards my opponent. My shoulder is angled to
protect my chin. If my opponent starts to throw a barrage of punches, I’m going to
try and move my head out of the angle of their attack. I don’t want to just sit
there and let him punch me in the face. I’ll leave a link in the description
below on how to slip punches. Better yet, I’m going to move my
feet to pivot and change the angle of my retreat. You don’t want to
retreat by going back in a straight line. Your opponent can move forward
a lot faster than you can go backward. As you retreat it is better to pivot
off to an angle. That’s going to force your opponent to reset. During
that split second where he does reset, he may be open the counters. Finally let’s
take a look at the angles of the ring itself. Even though it’s called a
boxing ring it’s not a circle. It is actually a square. A square
does have corners. You can use angles to cut off the ring and trap your
opponent into one of those corners. That will greatly limit his mobility and his
path to retreat. I’m also going to leave a link on how to cut off the ring
in the description below. The ring is an enclosure. It’s in
your best interest, if you can to control the center of that ring. By controlling the center, you can use a simple pivot to alter the angle of your
attack. Your opponent will know that you have the better angle of attack. He’s going
to feel uncomfortable. He will want to move by stepping to the side to
get outside of your angle of attack. If you have the center of the ring, one
pivot can equate to five steps from your opponent. I know it doesn’t sound like a
lot but add up all those extra steps over the duration of a 12-round fight.
Once again you have math working in your favor. This has been Mike Gales
for Everlast Nutrition. If you like these videos and please click below to
like a subscribe. We’re constantly posting your great tips and new ideas
that are meant to get you into the absolute greatest shape possible.

37 thoughts on “A Beginner’s Guide to the Angles of Boxing

  1. This guy here is a great boxer and athlete…..besides a great trainer,one of the best in Canada by far! Also, an all-around good guy

  2. amazing videos ! thanks a lot…..I have a question though: at 3.56 or 3.57…isnt a mistake to end up squared in relation to your oponent a serious technical mistake ?your chest ends up tottally frontal to him and he just has to let go that right hand to catch you in the middle with it….! but everything else is amazing ! thanks for the vids !

  3. Excelent video Mike! Thanks. Could you please upload a video explaining how to perform a proper shoulder roll.

  4. Just discovered your vids today and have watched several already. I love the detailed explanations you provide. Subscribed!

  5. The way he guards at the beginning u are asking for a hard body shot… when he throws his hook he drop se it which is telegraphing and prone to being countered

  6. Most people don't realise how good boxing is, as part of a good self defence system. Your videos are gold for any level of boxing, not just for beginners IMHO. Boxing is a scientific 'art' and you are an excellent coach. Thanks for the uploads.

  7. …why are you circling the wrong way? If you are right handed you circle left … this video is full of practical inconsistencies that will get someone knocked out …

  8. Great video. The demonstrations are very useful. I do Muay Thai but these videos are a wealth of information that applies to that as well.

  9. Mike, your videos have helped tremendously. I am a 48 year old who has arrived to boxing late in life, but these videos have really helped accelerate my understanding of the fundamentals. Thanks!

  10. My coach is a great coach , but he never explains why. In the beginning of the training session he tells me what we will be focusing on for that training session and that is all, then we just drill stuff until I can't get my hands to stay up anymore. I haven't lost, I've been getting better, but this has been bothering more and more as the years go by.

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